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Daily Reflections Earth Healing

Daily Reflections
by Al Fritsch, S.J.

A series of written meditations and reflections

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December, 2018
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TODAY'S REFLECTION:

december 2018

Copyright © 2018 by Al Fritsch




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December Reflections, 2018

           Winter is settling in, and we wear warmer clothes; we protect ourselves against flu; we harvest the persimmons or Appalachian "sugar plums;" and we plan for possible travels on icy and snow-bound roads.  Likewise, we need to keep the late garden greens covered, and to continue our outdoor physical exercise, even when the weather is not overly cooperative.  In December we tighten down the hatches, store in the basics, and learn to keep indoor temperatures lower.  We discover that comfort can be achieved by an extra sweater in place of a raised interior thermometer reading; in fact, if we wear warmer clothes, lower temperatures are healthier.

Paperwhites

                    You grow well both indoors and out, 
    You require little attention,
                               You yield strong clusters with white blooms,

          You glitter in morning sunlight,
                    You give a heavenly fragrance, and 
                You gladden wintertime households.

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St. Elizabeth of Hungary Catholic Church has received a Hope in Action award by Kentucky Interfaith Power and Light. For details, see here: www.kentuckyipl.org

 



Earth's shadow, visible on crescent moon.
(*photo credit)

December 1, 2018  Climate Change Can Still Be Halted  

     The annual international meeting taking among nations on the critical issue of climate change makes us all pause and ask the question: Are we going to be able through voluntary cooperative efforts to halt the catastrophe that is emerging at this time.  Glaciers are melting; oceans are rising; more frequent violent storms and floods are experienced; flora and fauna are under severe impact; mishaps abound that can be associated with the warming planet.  These alerts are being verified by astute observers throughout the Earth along with the near unanimity of the world's climate change scientists.  Powerful climate change deniers support their position by prolonging a profitable fossil fuel economy.  

     Oxfam International says that small farmers around the world are already suffering.  Growing seasons appear to have shrunk in number and variety; rainfall is more unpredictable, tending often to be shorter in duration in some places and longer to the point of flooding in others.  Winds and storms are felt to have increased in strength; and unseasonable events such as storms, dense fogs and heavier rains are more common.  Oxfam concludes that climate related hunger may become the defining tragedy of this century,

     A decade ago the Global Humanitarian Forum estimated that climate change was already responsible for 300,000 deaths each year, and this will rise to a half million each year by 2030 -- and the statistics are still on track.  If climate change is not brought under control, 310 million more people will suffer adverse health effects by 2050; and economic costs due to these conditions will rise from $125 billion today (more than all humanitarian aid to developing nations) to $600 billion a year by 2050. 

     With such dire predictions often voiced in this century, why are we going so slowly?  The Trump administration has attempted to take the U.S. out of the discussion except to promote clean coal and nuclear power, both completely outmoded and on the way out.  Retarding the oncoming renewable energy economy at a time when all reductions of carbon dioxide emissions are salutary verges on the demonic.  The bankruptcy of Big Energy corporations is being delayed at the expense of the poor and weak throughout the planet.  Cooperative regulation within the global community of nations is paramount -- if only the governments take such bold steps.

     Since the turn of the century developing nations such as China, India, and Brazil have overtaken and surpassed the developed world as emissions leaders.  Poorer nations call for funds to help tide them through conservation measures needed to meet their share.  India does not want to reduce its own emissions until it is equal on a per capita level with those of the West (that means doubling current Indian emissions via in part by increased use of coal for powerplant fuel).  Without regulations will we experience mutually assisted suicide as cautioned by Pope Francis?

     Prayer: Lord, awaken us to consequences of current actions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Wintery cloud patterns take shape over the Bluegrass region of Kentucky.
(*photo credit)

December 2, 2018   Advent: Turning Reflection into Action

     There will be signs in the sun, the moon and the stars, and on Earth nations will be in dismay, perplexed by the roaring of the sea and the waves.  (Luke 21:25-26)

     We come to the new Church year, and the start of the season of Advent.  The readings set a sobering mood and allow us to ask basic questions as to whether we are near the end of times.  Of course the answer is "yes;" if the time from the Big Bang would be regarded as a day, then time from the birth of Christ is two seconds.  Yes, these are the end of the ages and we are called to be participants.  But what are characteristics of our time of waiting for the end.  Let's reflect on a few:

     Keep priorities in mind -- We have the Lord as a companion, and so our confidence should give a sense of spiritual power with whatever comes.  As participants we must do something to hasten the day of the coming of the Lord.  We do not sit back and rest on pretended laurels; we must participate in some way.

     Keep awake -- Watchfulness is not really something seasonal but rather the hallmark of every Christian's entire faithful life.  This is far more than Jesus-and-I apart from our troubled neighbors in a threatened global neighborhood. 

     Keep listening -- The Lord is speaking to each of us and to the entire Church community of faith.  This means we must take quiet time to stop and listen for what God is saying to us.  Listening is really an art of giving time and cutting away the allurements that constantly crowd upon us.  Turn off the electronic device for a brief period and allow yourself to listen and hear the divine call -- and to discern how it applies in your life.   

     Keep connected -- The spirit of being watchful and vigilant must be cultivated.  The best way to do this is to acknowledge our need for assistance; we are plagued by a flood of information, some fake, so inadvertently false, some of pure gossip and meaningless, and some of more sophisticated allurements that can easily entice us.  Nearness to the Lord demands prayer and continued connection similar to addicted electronic device users who walk, sit, drive and eat with the device before their eyes.  In much the same way we are called to companionship with the Lord.  And the sacraments give us the nourishment needed to keep spiritually connected.

     Keep spreading the word -- Many feel the seriousness of these troubling times and feel helpless to make any difference.  In reality, they are able to be spiritually powerful and able to help make profound changes.  Convincing them of this is spreading the Good News.  Regard this as also involving an eagerness to hear this message, if we are willing to speak a word of encouragement.

     Prayer: Lord, allow us during this holy season to realize our own God-given power to make change and to tell others about it.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Snow and ice on rural Anderson Co., Kentucky stream.
(*photo credit)

December 3, 2018      Participate in Eco-Walk Programs

     Walking seems to be a lost art for many who would rather get in a car and drive to get some milk or a paper.  A few years ago Mazda Motors, the Japanese automaker, encouraged its thousands of employees to walk to work in order to improve workers' health and to cut back on air pollution.  Those who walked more than four kilometers on a round trip on a regular basis (at least 15 days a month) received the equivalent of $12 per month.  Some workers left a bus or train early and walked the rest of the way on foot, so that they could reach the acceptable total distance.  Mazda is not alone; a year before, Yamaha, the motorcycle maker started a similar eco-walk.

     Obesity, commuter congestion, air pollution, and carbon footprints are all reasons for considering eco-walks as sound policy.  However, these exercises should not be done only on a random or occasional basis.  They should be regularly used by those able to walk.  Nevertheless, walking to work or for physical exercise requires safe walkways that are not always accessible to people in our urbanized and overly congested world. 

     All too often parents seek to be good to their charges and so take them to the school door with no chance for the youngster to have any extra exercise.  The cars move ahead one car length at a time.  Each child performs the least amount of exercise in moving from vehicle to school door.  Later, after school with its similar door-to-door pick-ups and drop-offs, some of the more dutiful parents drive their kids to an exercise place so as to prevent the youngster from becoming a complete couch potato.  It's a far cry from when we'd decide to walk home from school for several miles rather than take the bus.

Walking benefits go beyond fuel economy and physical exercise:

     * Walking allows us to look out and see the countryside, and get a feeling for the environment in which we walk; that gives us a different perspective from that obtained in an auto ride, and allows us to consider ourselves as part of the natural world. 

     * Walking gives us precious time to be alone and to pray and reflect on what will occur that day or the following weekend; that requires a note to emphasize to vehicle electronic device users or tempted users: it is good to have free time.

     * Walking becomes an example for others to follow; many passing drivers will say to themselves, "I really should be doing the same thing for my health and well being." 

     * Finally, walking is a public act of commitment to saving Earth's limited resources by an immediately observed green action.

     Prayer: Lord, You walked together with our ancestors on their journey of faith.  Teach us to see benefits in walking with You.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Bringing home a freshly-harvested cedar for the holidays.
(*photo credit)

December 4, 2018    Consider Insulated Window Shades

     Some of us put plastic on doors or windows that need more adequate insulation during the winter season.  However, there are more permanent devices that, once installed, do not have to be put on and taken off with each heating season.  One such permanent conservation measure that combines good ecological practice with craft and art is an insulated window shade.  This device comes in a variety of designs and can be effective, economical, and attractive for solving both winter's cold and summer's heat problems.  Around one-quarter of the winter domestic heat or summer cool air loss may occur from uninsulated windows through four different ways: infiltration in gaps in the window, conduction, convection, or radiation. 

     Infiltration can be blocked by caulking, weatherstripping, storm windows, or a layer of plastic over the window.  However, the window shades can also do a very effective job in stopping energy loss.  Conduction is averted by forming a blockade of insulation and then trapping the air.  Convection is blocked by the sealing of the edges so that air currents cannot develop.  Radiation is reversed with inclusion of a reflective surface, which has a similar effect as aluminum foil reflecting the sun's rays. 

     To make an effective insulating shade one needs one or more layers of insulating (air-trapping) fabric (e.g., batting), a reflective surface (e.g., Astrolon), a vapor barrier (e.g., plastic), and some way of sealing the shade on all sides.  These shades are more effective, if carefully constructed using good insulating materials and fitted tightly to the frame of the window.  This tight fitting may be performed either by the use of Velcro on the edges of the shade and frame or by a wood frame shutter that closes after the shade is lowered.  A roller and a Roman shade can be modified into a quilted roller shade made with layers of insulating materials, and covered on the inside with a quilted mat with Appalachian quilt designs. 

     For effective results in winter, the shade is raised in daytime to allow maximum solar gain and sealed or pulled down in the evening for maximum insulation.  In summer, the shade can be lowered in daytime to serve as a sun block, or kept lowered in order to conserve cooled air within the room.  Making window shades is one way less mobile people with sewing skills can be effective energy conservationists.  The product of their hands can be appreciated as a work of art even well after they have passed on.

      ASPI has had some examples of insulated window shades and one such can be seen in the Mary E. Fritsch Nature Center.  This set is fashioned with Velcro strips to hold the shade tight to the window frame.  For more information see "Healing Appalachia: Sustainable Living through Appropriate Technology," p. 236-37.

     Prayer: Lord, help us see that domestic conservation work can be artistic, exciting, economical, effective and permanent. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Decaying log creates new habitat for plant seedlings.
(*photo credit)

December 5, 2018      ARE the United States Unique?

     Before the Civil War citizens said, "the United States are."  Afterwards "is" meant our single nation.  However, each state has unique cultural and descriptive adjectives possibly such as --


Alabama -- most...folksy              Montana ...vast, expansive
Alaska   ...unconquered               Nebraska ...orderly
Arkansas ...folksy                        Nevada ...chancy, risky
Arizona  ...serene                        New Hampshire ...patriotic
California ...golden                      New Jersey ...ethnically diverse
Colorado  ...majestic                   New Mexico  ...enchanting
Connecticut ...energetic               New York  ...literary, cultural
Delaware ...the first                     North Carolina  ...diverse
Florida ...sunny, fun-filled            North Dakota ...rural
Georgia ...noted for foods            Ohio ...conventional
Hawaii ...sought for tourism          Oklahoma ...witty, native
Idaho  ...beautiful                         Oregon ...ecological
Illinois ...productive                       Pennsylvania ...tidy, Amish
Indiana ...Typically American        Rhode Island ...maritime
Iowa ... symmetrical                     South Carolina ...independent
Kansas ...bountiful                        South Dakota ...surprising
Kentucky  ...hospitable                Tennessee ...colorful
Louisiana ...easy-going                Texas ...inviting, social
Maine ...brisk, refreshing             Utah ...rugged
Maryland ... with it                       Vermont ...scenic
Massachusetts ...academic            Virginia ...presidential
Michigan ...delightful                     Washington ...athletic
Minnesota ...lake-filled                  West Virginia ...helpful
Mississippi ...generous                   Wisconsin ...tasteful  
Missouri ...down-to-earth              Wyoming ...memorable

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Abundant leaves of kudzu on southern Kentucky hillside.
(*photo credit)

December 6, 2018      Strive to Control Kudzu

     Kudzu does not conjure up pleasant memories in the southeastern United States; however, in Japan, the country of origin, the plant is regarded with respect.  Why the difference?  The Japanese regard this as a native species that when properly controlled has many good uses as food, animal feed and fiber.  However, in the U.S. the introduction and cultivation was terribly mishandled -- and kudzu has gone wild.  All parties agree that kudzu has many good properties that led to its U.S. entry: its easy adaptation, versatile growing conditions, and vegetative proliferation as potential livestock feed.  However, traditional Japanese control and cultivation were foreign to Americans.

     Kudzu (Pueraria lobata) arrived in our Southland from Japan at the New Orleans Exposition in 1884; it was seen as an exotic ornamental with sweet smelling flowers and lush foliage.  By the turn of the 20th century, a southern agricultural association was promoting it as a fodder for cattle.  In 1927, a Georgia promoter declared, "Cotton isn't king here anymore; kudzu is king."  By 1934 the U.S Soil Conservation Service had introduced this plant as a species for use in eroded ravines and for reclaiming road and railroad cuts.  About that time academic research at the University of Georgia found hormones to make kudzu grow faster.  After the Second World War, the truth began to dawn: kudzu was an uncontrolled menace, growing rapidly beyond intended areas, climbing over buildings and large trees.  This exotic species was an invasive.  By 1993 the cost of fighting kudzu was estimated at $50 million annually.  (Reference: Kurt E. Kinbacher, "The Tangled Story of Kudzu," in Auburn University's The Vulcan Historical Review, Volume 4, Spring, 2000.)  Now it is double that amount.

     Granted kudzu has benefits.  It has a potential to support bioremediation efforts to regenerate the fertility of nutrient-depleted soils.  As a legume it has a symbiotic relationship with Rhizobium and can fix nitrogen in soils.  Besides, kudzu is a green manure, will out-compete weeds, returns nutrients and biomass to soil, and makes a fine mulch and an animal fodder comparable nutritionally to clover and alfalfa; the plant is rich in vitamins, calcium and protein. 

     The uncontrolled proliferation of kudzu was only gradually recognized and America's first revegetation efforts became a miserable failure.  As a postscript, kudzu is now an invasive exotic species choking out native species throughout the Southeast.  It covers over 7,000,000 acres of land, or equivalent to that of Maryland. Some eradicate the pest using chemical herbicides.  Newt Hardie of Spartanburg, South Carolina uses volunteers to spread sheets of thick clear plastic as a defoliant, and then attacks the root crowns with pruning saws and hand plows, an elaborate process.

     Prayer: Lord, teach us to be responsible in introducing exotic species, to test them before widespread introduction, and to respect the native species with which they will coexist.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Silence about Inequality Is a "Sort of Blackmail"

        It appears at first to be a great mystery: why don't moral leaders speak against the vast wealth of a few coupled with the destitution of the many?  Why the silence?  The puzzle evaporates when we face reality.  Some of the wealthy are friendly enough to support our particular causes.  Silence comes with fear of losing donations?  Too many who beg for support will not bite the hand that feeds them; to critique inequality in this age is quite biting to a rich person.  Do receivers of largess in this and other lands accept being tempted never to complain about the so-called legal conditions in which rich friends have acquired their status?  Good and successful leaders beg, while silent about deeper economic issues near at home. 

          Is it charity?  Distributing from our abundance is a major topic for all types of non-profits including religious ones.  There is even more to the complex exercise of easing money from the wealthy.  Many call it "charity" when it is really a means to avoid tax collectors or possible government regulations to limit the continued favoritism to the wealthy.  Instead of a prophetic warning, rich donors receive praise from willing sycophants. On the other hand authentic prophets risk starving for lack of funding.  One alternative for the prophetic is to require the least financial resources possible to achieve their chosen missions.

         Change the rich?  Some well-intentioned moral leaders seek reform among the wealthy -- as though this will change the entire privileged class.  At least they seek to correct the business practices of a certain portion with hopes of making them models of reform.  These moral leaders accept the wealthy argument that the rich know best how to distribute their largess -- and rank and file are programmed to simply say "thank you."  Furthermore, in an age of crass materialism to expect more than a very few rich folks to voluntarily surrender to a lower economic state is unrealistic; most will not do it.  What many of the rich would prefer is to publicize giving some of their vast wealth to their selected good causes (a power play) and thus convince moral leaders to be advocates of the continued "morally responsible" status quo.

         Limits to wealth.  On the other hand, authentic prophets who strive to change governmental attitudes will focus on questioning existing practices (tax codes, favorable regulations, etc.), though realizing that changes in the tax base are highly unpopular with many current legislators. Add to this the heavy pressure to leave inequality (by the modern merchants of doubt) in place and in the hands of high-paid lobbyists. 

          Change is a most difficult task, but in this globalized age must include government-induced limits to wealth lest our very democracy become threatened.  One of our insightful American founders, Ben Franklin, was wise far ahead of his times.  State and national landholders both at the Pennsylvania state constitutional convention and the U.S. one later were convinced he was senile; he was a lone voice for limits to wealth.  We ask today whether billionaires continue to gain power -- and erode still our democratic process?  Where are the political parties? 

     Redistribution.  Inequality damages democracy and so some form of redistribution is necessary, provided it is not violent.  It also make economic sense, for redistributing wealth leads to greater purchase power by lower income people and ultimately an expanded economy and more meaningful employment.  People who have basic essentials will have leisure time to advance hopefully in happiness and spiritual life; improved health access would benefit all who are bankrupted by hospital bills and overwhelmed by expensive medicine.  Furthermore, moderated wealthy individuals will have a better chance for eternal salvation.  All parties benefit from a radical redistribution. 

         Power of contributions.  Continued amassing of private wealth in our nation must be challenged by the people who deserved access to government as part of their citizen rights.  The privileged few should not have greater influence by a Citizen's United mentality in unlimited use of funding for policy-making.  Currently, rich individuals through corporations can buy candidates and elections; they overlook or seek to privatize starved critical infrastructure systems; and they forget about immense growth in national indebtedness on future generations by their low taxes.  If moral leaders remain silent through their dutiful paybacks, how can those with even less power be heard in a cacophony of modern commercial noise?  One challenge to wealthy political power may be large numbers of small contributions, for it does take funds to bring about political changes.  

          Simple living.  One long-term answer is to counter wealth with people power from those willing to live simply and require lower operational expenses.  Live like the lower income citizens.  Believers in the future strive to attain distance from materialism and its violence.  Simplicity in life is the atmosphere in which such essential changes must and will occur.  Simple living leaders are then unbeholden to wealth to keep operating.  That divorce from wealth has many advantages; it frees one from an affluent mentality; it gives special attention and a preferable option for the poor; and it challenges the wealthy message that they know best with their use of money.  The liberated simple leader can afford to speak out against inequality, but the challenge is to build a small or medium donor power base; some money is always needed to fund basic costs of staff and expenses, a necessity that cannot be fully eliminated in any non-profit organization.  Think simplicity.

         Freedom or/and equality.  In reading our Declaration of Independence there could develop a struggle over the concepts of freedom and equality; they certainly have been different foci at particular historic periods.  Too often rights of those seeking a more expanded freedom (an issue in racial, sexual, minority, migrant and other rights) takes precedence over equality matters.  However, the equality focus becomes necessary in the climate change battle, because the super-rich are the primary deniers of the current situation -- and are spending heavily in America to avoid the current global struggle.  Setting priorities straight is most difficult, especially with an unwillingness to overcome privileged propaganda clamoring for less government.  We must reaffirm that governmental participation is crucial in moving to greater equality and to solving today's economic problems.   


 

 

 


Glowing embers in wood-burning stove.
(*photo credit)

December 7, 2018      Ensure Domestic Fire Safety

     Fire Safety Day allows us to recheck on everything so that our upcoming holidays will be safe and more joyous ones.  We know that before this month ends some tragic accident will be reported in the news involving unsuspecting merrymakers.  Well in advance of the celebrations let's ask ourselves some basic questions, so that dangers can be uncovered and fixed before guests arrive:

     * General interior safety -- Do you have an early warning system in place in case of fire -- alarms with active batteries, numbers to call, serviceable fire extinguishers?  Is there a fire screen when an open fireplace is used for cozy fires this winter?

     * General exterior safety -- Have the chimney and flues been checked this year?  Do you compost and refrain from burning garden or home-generated wastes that can be recycled in other ways?  Is the house equipped with lightning rods?  Is there cleared space from which combustible brush and thatch have been removed?  What about leaves in the hidden places of the yard?  

     * Home decorations -- Do you decorate with materials that are not easily combustible?  Is there a fire safety consideration in selection of ornamentals?  Are exterior strings of lights properly hooked to the system?  

     * Festive practices -- Are all lit candles attended to at all times?  Do you refrain from lighting candles on Christmas trees or near potentially flammable evergreen decorations?  Do you omit the use of fireworks in the home environment -- and leave that to the officials who are trained for such displays?

         * Home safety regulations -- Do you forbid smoking of tobacco or marijuana on the premises, and realize that cigarette paper is made to burn well, something like a dynamite fuse?  Do you have exit routes thought out in advance, and are all residents aware of how to open windows and exit the building?

     * Internal safety measures -- Is access to matches difficult if infants are around?  Do any of the appliances malfunction or spark when used?  Are any of the circuits overloaded?  Have electric safety plugs been installed, especially near water sources in bath room and kitchen?

     * Kitchen safety -- Are you aware that many house fires relate to cooking?  Is combustible oil handled properly near hot surfaces?
Are paper towels kept at a distance from hot surfaces?  Do you have sufficient heat pads and gloves?  Is a properly serviced fire extinguisher in easy access within the kitchen area?   

     Prayer: Lord, You gave us fire to keep us warm and to cook our food.  Allow us to foster a sense of care for safety of all residents and visitors, and to treat our gift of fire with respect.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Pennywort, Obolaria virginiaca, blooming in mild December.
(*photo credit)

December 8, 2018       Proclaim Mary -- Mother of Earth

      He went in and said to her, "Rejoice, so highly favored!
 The Lord is with you."  (Luke 1:28)

      If fragile Earth is dear to us, we must show devotion by protecting her.  If one must be humble when close to humus Earth, so those who are most humble are the ones more down-to-Earth.  If we are all blessed by being close to Earth, she who mothered the One coming down to Earth, nurtures and "mothers" Earth herself.  Why set Mary on a pedestal, for her role is one of service on this Earth -- and she needs to be close to us?  

      From the beginning of creation Mary was special in the mind of God; throughout the long course of salvation history Mary had a preparatory role, which she discovered as a young lady of her culture, which included the longing of Chosen People for the Messiah's coming.  Furthermore, she was down-to-earth in her manner of life: her counter response to Eve's "no" to God's command to abstain from the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil (Genesis 3); her helping to create a new Garden of Eden by a "yes," Let it be done according to God's wish; her deep reflecting on things in her heart; her allowing her son to leave home on his mission; her times of happiness, sorrow, apprehension and joy; her standing at the foot of the cross; and her presence at Pentecost.  Because she is willing to trust even though she does not fully understand, she is truly the mother of all the living and of all people of hope.  She is filled with the Holy Spirit, who inspires and remains with her.  She is taken into heaven ahead of us.  

      If Mary finds favor with God, so should we who seek to be in divine favor.  By assisting in protecting Earth we also bring salvation to it -- just as by her "fiat" Mary did two millennia ago.  As members of the divine family through baptism, we participate in healing Earth with Mary even though she has been very highly favored:

*  We were in the minds of God from all eternity;
*  We bear the traces of the faith of our ancestors who lived, hoped and trusted in God to keep offspring in the faith;
*  We were immaculately conceived into the Body of Christ at baptism -- though we do not remain so due to our imperfections;
*  We await the coming of the Lord into our lives as Jesus comes to each of us in the sacraments;
*  We bear Christ to others as part of our mission in life amid joy, sorrow and troubles;
* We take risks and trust God's grace on our journey of faith;      * We are thrust into the cosmic struggle of good and evil;
* and we beg for the transparency of Mary to look ahead to a New Heaven and New Earth.

     Prayer: Lord help us to see that just as Mary is totally open and transparent in her radiant being, so we need to see our mission to enter with her into the role of healing our wounded Earth.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Rainbow over Estill Co., KY barn.
(*photo by Sally Ramsdell)

December 9, 2018      Prepare the Way of the Lord

     Advent is the season in which we join in preparing the way for the Lord to come into a troubled world.  We are bridge builders, those who take from both the old and new in order to serve others.  We are called to help straighten the spiritual and social conditions on all levels of community and citizen action.  John the Baptist, a truly simple living person, was most forthright and open about what needed to be done in his day.  We are called to show the same determination in addressing the addictions and allurements of our people to drugs and consumer products.

     Individually, we must discipline our lives, much as did the simple prophet John the Baptist.  We find Advent as well as Lent to be periods to control our appetites and build our resistance to the world's allurements.  The Lord wants us to be able to say "yes" to God, and to say "no" to such distractions as drugs and consumer luxuries.  Such straight talk is achieved through self-control and self-sacrifice.  Certainly our culture hardly believes in sack cloth and ashes, but it ought to look behind symbols to giving up excesses.  Instead of expensive wardrobes and gifts expected for Christmas, we ought to prepare ourselves through fasting and self-denial, through living more simply, and through encouraging others to do the same.

     Regionally, we must confront the problems facing our communities, whether these be heavy drug use, lack of employment opportunities, or destruction of our environment through overuse of resources in our individual and collective lives.  People feel disconnected, and they need to regain a sense of community through joint activities and programs to enhance their family's well-being. 

     Nationally, we need fiscal responsibility as well as proper caring for the health of all the people.  As mentioned on December 2, we must address the cultural expectations of an economy based on consumption of goods, and transform that into one of a service economy, serving the needs of everyone not just the top 1%.  We must encourage fair taxes and accept strict regulation of the greedy moneychangers in our Wall Street temples.

     Internationally, the world's people must begin to feed the food insecure population.  Most problems facing our world would be addressed, if those who are privileged were to contribute to the hungry.  We learn from John the Baptist's proclamations that straightening out the crooked ways is a public act, something in which we all participate.  John and later Jesus had courage to face immense hostility.  Why in this upcoming season of peace, tranquility, and friendliness bring up such pressing problems as individual restraint, regional awakening to drugs, caring for resources and assaulting ongoing privilege?  The reason is that preparing the way means helping to establish justice for all.

     Prayer: Lord, You prepared a people for the Messiah's coming; help us be co-preparers of the New Heaven and new Earth.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Patterns in opened walnut shell.
(*photo credit)

December 10, 2018    Participate in Human Rights Day

      The Highest office in a democracy is the office of citizen. -- Supreme Court Associate Justice Frankfurter

     On Human Rights Day we manifest our citizen participation at various levels.  A first level is becoming aware that wrongdoing has occurred, and that this requires initiation of the process of forgiveness.  Our nation often winks at global human rights violations "for the greater good" and to further the good will of commercial partners.  When being combatants in war, how can we as a people ignore the demands of the Geneva Treaty for proper treatment of war prisoners?  In past times of lapses, such as the internment of Japanese Americans in the Second World War, actions were recognized as temporary and needing some form of compensation for victims.  We cannot excuse our past failures such as the Alien and Sedition Act of the 1790s, and yet in troubled times we must act justly and speak out for distant human rights abuse.  Current unjust conditions cannot be dismissed as beyond our immediate concern.  Reconciliation needs to occur, not between culprit and observers, but between culprit and victim.  It is in our national interest that acts of injustice be exposed and denounced.

     A second level is recognizing that distance hinders full reconciliation.  Standing apart from the culprit and victim is part of the problem.  Therefore we close the distance and halt the wrongdoing to the degree that we can; we call to the victim to begin the forgiving process.  Our own reluctance to become party is part of the dysfunction resulting from the cumulative social effects of wrongdoing.  The human family has been hurt, and we strive to move to change.  Mere awareness and denunciation is not enough.  We must be courageous to enter the conflict in some way.

     The third and deepest level is to become at-one with the other parties in creating a better future.  Forgiveness does not overlook the wrongful action and thereby, implicitly, condone the wrongdoing that has occurred.  "We forgive" means a forming of community among all (observers, victims and culprits).  All are hurt; all need reconciliation as friends.  If the person who is doing a wrongful action or omitting doing a rightful duty is a relative, acquaintance or collaborator, it is obvious why we should act -- but all are neighbors and part of the global family.

      America is a home of the free and the brave and our record must be consistent for all people.  Other governments may be angered by our focusing on their human rights violations, but we must be true to our constitutional guarantees and defense of freedom.  When injustice is near at hand, we must bring peace; if it is at a distance we as citizens of a democracy must apply pressure on elected representatives to speak out and bring change.

      Prayer: Lord, teach us to speak up for the rights of individuals and never to let the risk of economic or political considerations hold us back as a nation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Rural road meets Franklin Co., KY sprawl.
(*photo credit)

December 11, 2018      Confront Urban Sprawl

     Several times a month I drive through urbanized Madison County, Kentucky, on the way to Lexington.  This county, including the towns of Richmond and Berea along with Eastern State University, is growing in population and congestion.  Literally dozens of acres of formerly highly productive farmland are being scraped and bulldozed into new housing, commercial establishments, and suburban roadways.  For idyllic landscape lovers, it is not a pretty sight.  Some of us may remember pictures of or actual visits to European cities with neat divisions made between what is urban and what is rural.  With proper planning and building regulations, much of Europe lacks the sprawl found here in Madison County and elsewhere in America.  In fact, some speak of urban sprawl as threatening some of America's prime farmland.

     American urban sprawl is due to use of private automobiles and relatively cheap fuel for commuting, to the status of owning greenspace, to the desire to escape congestion, and to the quest for open space and fresh air.  Other factors include the unfettered activity of real estate developers and the lack of zoning and land use regulations.  Kentucky hurts, for it loses over one hundred acres of farmland each day.  Because of its relatively small size -- Kentucky is thirty-fifth in area -- the state is heavily impacted from this undirected sprawling of city into countryside.   In Mason County, Kentucky, where I was born, the once beautiful rural countryside near my homeplace is now dotted with scattered housing -- and that in areas containing modest farms in the 1940s.  However, it is comforting to see that some very marginal farmland is being utilized by establishments bordering the recent, limited access AA Highway, running through that familiar countryside of my younger years.  Change occurs and we do little about it.

     Sprawl not only pollutes the scenic view but consumes prime farmland, but some of which can still be used as backyard gardens.  One map by the American Farmland Trust shows large patches of the United States with prime farmland and heavy development.  In fact, if the trend continues in our Bluegrass State, the tourist attraction of landscape charm will be lost along with its associated business.  Traditional farming ultimately loses in the development battle.  Leapfrogging (creating idle land between new  developments) isolates traditional rural communities, raises land prices, results in trespassing on land and crop damage, and creates opposition to farm practices (e.g., spreading manure on fields).

     Sprawl can be checked through proper types of zoning and land use regulations, which gain favor as citizens see the need to retain open undeveloped space.  Proper planning preserves the character of the landscape -- but it takes community effort to achieve modest results.  A desire to cut commuting time has made a return to central city urban living an attractive alternative.

     Prayer: Lord, teach us to respect our land and to see beauty in proper planning and use of our precious greenspace.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Raccoon tracks on freshly-fallen snow.
(*photo credit)

December 12, 2018   Celebrate Our Lady of Guadalupe

     Our Lady of Guadalupe is dear to the hearts of many Mexicans and also Mexican-Americans and other Hispanics in this country.  The origin of the feast is a fourfold appearance of the Blessed Virgin Mary to St. Juan Diego on December 9, 10, 11, and 12, 1531.  This occurred on Tepeyac Hill outside of Mexico City.  Her appearance on the cloak of Juan was of a young woman of color, and assured the defeated Aztec Native Americans that the faith was not only that of the Spanish conquerors, but of them as well.  Mary was and is compassionate towards all; this fact was received in open arms by not only the Mexican people but those of all in Central and South America.  In 1910 this day Mary was declared "Queen of Mexico" and "Empress of the Americas" -- nobility within democracy. 

     In my thousands of Daily Reflections I have neglected this rather prominent feast day.  In fact, back in 1969 while in post-doctorate work at the University of Texas three of us Jesuits made a pilgrimage to Mexico City and were impressed by the piety of the people approaching the shrine.  While serving as a chaplain at the Manchester, Kentucky Federal Prison, a few years back we had a Liturgy on the Feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe and I believe I along with many in the congregation felt a keen presence of Our Lady of Guadalupe.  Certainly, her compassion extends to those who are in prison and lacking freedom.  Mary always appears (Lourdes, Fatima, etc.) to humble folk and certainly to powerless prisoners. 

    Some may ask how can we celebrate on this feast when this hemisphere is rocked with drug traffic, gang killings and migration of peoples to our country and other areas for safety?  The patroness of the Western World comes to mind as a divine gift of peace that is so needed today.  Through her intercession we may find the improvements in a society in which we can become part.

     Solidarity with those south of the Rio Grande is one of the hopes and desires we should seek at this time.  The Americas should be regarded as one unit and not divided.  We in the U.S. are to be at one with the people south of the border, and Mary is the personal bridge-builder for such an enterprise.  Our goal is one of mutual sharing and common concern about all who suffer today.

     Furthermore we ought to defend the many DACA and immigrants from Latin America who come to escape dangers and seek a livelihood in our country.  We ought to help them establish a pathway to citizenship for the many who work for their living in our country, whether legal or as illegal migrants, provided they are law abiding.  Most fit that category and need to be supported in their path to citizenship.

     Prayer: Lord, at this season we celebrate the coming of the Prince of Peace into a world that is growing extremely tired of terrorist threats and division among peoples.  Help us, Lord, to believe through the intercession of Our Lady of Guadalupe that peace can come to our troubled Hemisphere.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


A dusting of snow covers rural Kentucky hayfield.
(*photo credit)

December 13, 2018  Beware of Bad Reclamation Practices

     Healing our wounded Earth includes the therapy of proper reclamation practices due to land disturbance and pollution due to fossil fuel extraction and combustion.  Certainly, the bad effects of these practices have both hastened renewable energy fuels and have demanded that disturbances of land be addressed.  However much like the introduction of kudzu as noted on December 6, so other reclamation practices have not always proved beneficial.

     The multiflora rose, a native of Asia, was originally brought to the United States in the 1800s for use as rootstock for grafted ornamental roses.  Through the 1930s and into the 1950s, this exotic was promoted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture as a "living fence" for windbreaks and erosion control.  Birds enjoy the rose hips, and thus spread the plant through their random droppings.  This seemingly harmless rose can choke out native plant life -- though persistent mowing can rid lands of the pest.  Likewise the invasive and prolific "tree of heaven" is found now throughout central Appalachia in sunny, disturbed areas and wastelands.  Japanese honeysuckle was propagated in America for landscaping and erosion control.  We know its aromatic fragrance, but it is as bothersome as its bushy cousin coral honeysuckle.

      The similar choice of invasive and exotic species such as autumn and Russian olives for areas disturbed by surface mining has also proved to be unwise.  These shrubs, which can reach twenty feet in height, were planted to control erosion, return nitrogen to the soil, and provide food for wildlife.  Birds enjoy the abundant small red drupes that mature in early autumn; they scatter seeds, contributing to making these species worrisome invasives that compete for open well-drained land.  These olive tree species luckily are not shade tolerant and will not spread into already heavy forest cover.  To eradicate them requires repeated mowing and grubbing out the entire root system. 

     In the past, a cut-over forest would include many saplings and much understory growth, which could spring back rather rapidly following the axe-wielding loggers and oxen.  As the disturbance process continued with greater severity into the past century using heavier machinery and reaching wider areas, disturbances became more pronounced and resulted in flooding and erosion; the ability of native vegetation to return was stifled.  However, better reclamation efforts have emerged and federal reclamation regs were introduced in the latter twentieth century to address poor reclamation practices.  Though reclamation neglecting ecological principles have occurred, better selection of plant species is important though not the total solution; quite often, the land must be prepared, properly drained, fertilized, planted, thinned, and protected so that the more natural succession of species will result.  Beware of the bad and promote good reclamation practices. 

     Prayer: Lord, give us the courage to demand that proper reclamation practices accompany disturbances of our fragile Earth.



Copyright © 2018 Earth Healing, Inc. All rights reserved.

Earth Healing team:
Albert J. Fritsch, Director
Charlie Fritsch
Janet Powell
Mark Spencer

Excerpts from the JERUSALEM BIBLE, copyright © 1966 by Darton, Longman & Todd, Ltd. and Doubleday & Company, Inc.  Reprinted by permission of the publisher.

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